Men are more likely than women to die from a fall, with a fatality rate that is 49% higher than women. Women, however, are more likely than men to have a non-fatal injury from a fall — like a broken bone. This leads to more frequent — and longer — hospital admissions for women.
Not surprisingly, the risk of serious injury from a fall increases with age. In 2001, the rates of injury for adults 85 and older was four to five times that of adults age 65 to 74.
Medications can also increase the risk of falling. Research shows that individuals who are taking 4 or more medications are at greater risk of falling.
People with poor vision from cataracts, glaucoma as well as old prescription lenses are at increased fall risk.
As to ethnicity, Caucasian women have a much greater rate of fall-related hip fractures than African American women. According to the Center for Disease Control (CDC), Caucasians and African Americans experience almost the same rates of fatal falls. And non-Hispanics generally have a higher rate of fatal falls than Hispanics.
If any of these factors apply to you, take steps to reduce your chance of falling.